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The 10 foundations of Jiu-Jitsu

Know the foundations of Jiu Jitsu and understand how the teaching of this martial art works.

Jiu Jitsu is a competitive and therapeutic sportive self-defense martial art that helps to restore various physical, organic, neurological and psychosocial disabilities.

It's a differentiated fight in which the practitioners do not use brute force or violence to be victorious in combat; apply smart techniques that take your opponents' attack and reaction power away.

Jiu Jitsu is not just a fighting style, it is a lifestyle with a philosophy based on discipline, intelligence and technique.

The fundamentals of Jiu Jitsu

To understand how Jiu Jitsu really works and to learn the techniques of sustaining and submitting you must know how to perfect and master all of its fundamentals:

• Base;

• Posture;

• Control;

• Body movement;

• Arm techniques;

• Breathing;

• Field of vision;

• Versatility;

• Loyalty;

• Physical and mental energy.


The basis is the support of every fighter.

Having a solid and resistant base with the correct positioning of the legs and knees that are the support of our body and moving without losing balance is the foundation that must be permanently alive in your mind to avoid falls and become the winner in a fight.


Posture is the alignment of the body during the fight for movement of the head, which is the heaviest part of the body and which has power over the weight that is applied at the base.

As your direction to one side, to the other, up and down, the whole body follows it. Hence the great importance of this foundation.


The perfect use of this foundation is essential to control the fight and dominate the opponent.

In order to be in control, it is necessary to observe each opponent's movement, understand the strategy and create a way to neutralize him using his joints and body ends against him in attacks.

Body movement

It is through a solid knowledge of the fundamentals of body movement that the practitioner learns the basic movements and the most complex techniques with extreme ease.

Therefore, seek as much as possible to learn and improve this vital principle of the "Gentle art”, Jiu Jitsu.

Arm techniques

It is essential to master the proper use of the arms in this fight in which these limbs and the gi sleeves are sought at all times to attack and defend.

The foundation is to never let your arms tense, keeping them flexible and relaxed and making conscious grips with steady hands. Stretching and withdrawing your arms recklessly during a confrontation will cause you to be defeated by your opponent.


Breathing control is another foundation of Jiu Jitsu, its lack of control prevents it from working correctly.

When this lack of control happens, your spirit is agitated and your blows are no longer effective.

Field of vision

Avoid looking directly into the opponent's eyes.

For beginners, it is safe to focus your gaze on your opponent's chest or throat, as time goes by and a lot of practice will allow you to relax psychologically and naturally widen your field of vision.

You will spend watching the opponent, anticipating his movements, his intentions, his actions and variations.


Versatility is another fundamental that must be observed by any practitioner who wishes to evolve in this sport that has a great technical variation.

Victory in combat results from a constant change of position and blows. Therefore, avoid maintaining a single and determined form of confrontation during combat. Be versatile!


Loyalty is an inviolable foundation.

The struggle aimed at dominating the opponent and the consequent withdrawal through the technical development of the strategy of applying valid and loyal finishing strikes that aim to neutralize attacks, throw the opponent to the ground through falls, immobilize, strangle, press and twist joints.

In jiu jitsu unfair blows such as biting, pulling hair, poking fingers in the eyes, reaching the genitals, twisting the fingers or any other action that seeks to traumatize the opponent with the use of hands, elbows, head, knees and feet are severely punished by the referee.

Physical and mental energy

The use of physical and mental energy is the foundation that allows you to use the weight and strength of an opponent much stronger and heavier than you against yourself through effective leverage techniques that move you and take you to the ground.


You are a great Jiu Jitsu fighter when you have complete mastery of your fundamentals.

On the other hand, by not having this consolidated knowledge, you will certainly be defeated in a confrontation for trying to execute more elaborate movements when the correct use of the fundamentals is the best and most effective attack and defense action.

It is the fundamentals of attack and defense that define how you should position yourself, where to get the grip, the correct rotation movement and the exact moment to escape with your hips or defend your back.

In short, without solid knowledge of the fundamentals of Jiu Jitsu, there are no advanced positions.

Therefore, train, train and train the fundamentals taught by your teachers to improve them because they are much more useful in a coping situation than a complex ending.

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